Mario Baroni is a former head of the Departement of Musicology at the University of Bolonha. In the 1990s he founded the Italian association for the analysis and theory of music (Gruppo Analisi e teoria Musicale) and the Rivista di Analisi e Teoria Musicale. He was one of the promoters of the foundation of ESCOM (European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music), and ESCOM President from 2003 to 2006. His research interest are devoted to music analisys, systematic musicology, music education and 20th-century music (particulary to Bruno Maderna and Giacinto Scelsi). He publiched Studi su Bruno Maderna, Suoni e Significati- Musica e attività espressive nelle scuola Hermeneutique re interpretation.
Among his numerous publication is book Le regole della musica (on the concept of musical grammar), written in collaboration with Rossana Dalmonte and Carlo Jacoboni (Turin:EDT, 1999, English translation, 2003). With Jean-Jacque Nattiez he collaborated in the Encyclopédie pour Le XXIe Siècle (Actes Sud/Cité de la Musique, 2004) where he published numerous articles about “hermeneutique and musical interpretation”. He worked as a music critic profession, had artistic and administrative positions for the Biennale di Venezia and the Teatro Comunale di Bologna.